13 February 2014

It is said that TheCastle, while being an indisputably great book, seems pointless to read after a while. And I admit that, although I am officially reading it this week and am pretty delighted by it, I have not been driven to pick it up every day, as I recently was with The Goldfinch and The Son. It makes sense: Franz Kafka's story is one of incompletion, in which a man named K. (even his name is incomplete) arrives to a mysterious, unplace-able town dominated by an impregnable bureaucracy known as, of course, The Castle. A few pages in, it is painfully yet wonderfully clear that he is not going to reach his grail. Why should I finish the book if our hero’s hopes are to be brutally dashed?

All the more a reason to think about its beginning. In the beginnings, we usually find the ends. In fact, the first chapter is the only one from The Castle ever published by Franz Kafka. So let’s take a look at its first paragraph:

It was late in the evening when K. arrived. The village was deep in snow. The Castle hill was hidden, veiled in mist and darkness, nor was there even a glimmer of light to show that a castle was there. On the wooden bridge leading from the main road to the village, K. stood for a long time gazing into the illusory emptiness above him.

As the book goes on, the Castle above grows even more illusory and empty, and the gaze lasts a long time, but, oh, that gaze. That is the crux of it, this gaze peering into the mist and darkness. And what a great way to beckon us on to read and learn more.

The other beginning I’m thinking of this week is from our textbook, The Scribner Anthology of Contemporary Short Fiction. In “The School,” Donald Barthelme begins:

Well, we had all these children out planting trees, see, because we figured that . . . that was part of their education, to see how, you know, the root systems . . . and also the sense of responsibility, taking care of things, being individually responsible. You know what I mean. And the trees all died. They were orange trees. I don’t know why they died, they just died. Something wrong with the soil possibly or maybe the stuff we got from the nursery wasn’t the bet. We complained about it. So we’ve got thirty kids there, each kid had his or her own little tree to plant, and we’ve got these thirty dead trees. All these kids looking at these little brown sticks, it was depressing.

With Barthelme, as usual, I enjoy him too much to make critical sense. But it’s safe to say that we are meeting a man through his voice, we are hearing a story through a man. And though a man isn’t telling us about his day, his life, we are learning all sorts of important things about him.

This is especially a speaking voice, one that repeats itself a bit, that doesn’t quite end, and that is depressed by the death of trees but this depression, well, maybe . . . (it’s hard not to mimic the rhythm in part) maybe that’s not the most adult response to take to the blight. So we worry a little for the children, and wonder if he, their teacher presumably, knew anything about trees before handing out thirty of them. I at least am curious to read on, to see what other disasters follow at this poor school. 

10 February 2014

A few notes about grading

In the old days, I used to proudly announce that I don't believe in grading creative work. It was part of my training. I went to schools where whatever I turned in to a CW class was given an A. And I can assure you, it wasn't because all my work was excellent. 

Over time, however, I've come to see that treating students as if they are all young geniuses who might be harmed by being corrected or edited is silly and maybe even lazy. In fact, such teaching isn't teaching at all but a great disservice. There is plenty to learn about writing, and plenty to call "mistakes" -- even though the mistakes might become something quite powerful if you really push them. But first you have to know what you're up to. 

This is why we draft and workshop. We draft, change, discuss and even argue about fiction in the classroom. (It's always good when there is real disagreement, as there was on Friday.) And I insist on small group workshops as you develop your stories. Mostly I am guiding you toward an understanding of fictional strategies--your own, your classmates', Ernest Hemingway's, and Selah Saterstrom's. Because I work on the theory that all writing is revision, I want you to be able to see what you do as mechanical even as we all know that good writing is inspired and can't really be quantified. Here, we have to quantify it. And I have to give grades. 

So for your stories I give two grades, basically. I give one for the story and one for the mechanics--your grammar and punctuation. (Those quotations!) They are averaged together for your total grade, so poor punctuation can really cost you. The first three stories won't count as much as the two you work on for the portfolio, but super low grades can be a problem. That's why I always allow revisions to improve the grade. Keep them coming, within two weeks of when you've gotten my feedback. 

Professor Witt has a guide to grading that works well for us at Paterson and I wanted to share it with you, if you haven't seen it already. 

An excellent piece demonstrates all the qualities of “B” level work but also possesses individual literary style, an awareness of the subtleties of  tone, and makes clear and deliberate choices in its use of form and style. An excellent draft is one in which nothing is left to chance, and little or nothing need be added or cut from the text. Excellent writing compares favorably to the course models and writing samples studied in class (or deliberately challenges and/or converses with those models). Excellent work is rarely achieved in the draft stage and is difficult to achieve in the portfolio stage without effort, consultation with classmates and your professor, as well as some consultation with great writing you admire. Excellent writing takes several drafts beyond the first, and usually more than the first and second draft required in the course and is accompanied by a Process Narrative that demonstrates deep engagement with editorial feedback from peers and the professor, even if the choice is to reject certain feedback. The Process Narrative is a clear and concise description of how the piece of writing moved from one draft to the next..

Good writing shows evidence of some acquired skill. Clearly the writer has carefully read samples in the genre, kept up with class discussion, and has achieved the essence of the assignment in both form and content. Other assignment-specific parameters (such as those highlighted in a particular assignment i.e. line-breaks, rhyme, sonnet form, or 3rd person limited narrator, dialogue, flash fiction, etc.) have been met with careful attention. Grammar, punctuation, spelling, paragraphing, tense, point of view, and other matters of polished work are keeping with the  ideals of standard edited American English as outlined in Composition classrooms. It is important to note that the Process Narrative may affect a piece of writing either positively or negatively. For example, a “B” category story or poem may move into the “A” category (or vice-versa) according to the quality of the Process Narrative. A student who shows real engagement with techniques, strategies, creative thinking and a willingness to edit and revise and is able to explain reasons for his/her choices in order to give the professor insight into his/her process, will receive a higher mark than a student who turns in a work of equal quality but who does not demonstrate such engagement with process. One main goal of a course in creative writing is help students build more robust writerly selves; this is achieved through risk-taking, experimentation, and hard work, which can be best assessed through the Process Narrative.

“Satisfactory, or “C,” is considered AVERAGE for any college writing course, including creative writing.

Good writing is average, competent work completed on time. While the assignment has been completed satisfactorily, the “satisfactory” piece may not demonstrate a challenged notion of what “good” or “excellent” creative writing can do in this particular assignment. Satisfactory writing may have the look and feel of something completed perhaps before class, perhaps even the night before. Rarely is satisfactory writing sharpened by multiple drafts or careful attention to many choices a writers makes regarding form and style. Usually, satisfactory drafts complete the assignment at hand, but do not demonstrate the development seen in the samples and/or called for in the assignment. 

Grammar, punctuation, spelling, paragraphing, tense, point of view, and other matters of polished work may be lacking, and/or the required page count or line count may have been missed. The Process Narrative is submitted but does not demonstrate much thought or engagement with the drafting and revision of the work.

D or F level work will have been incomplete, indecipherable, inappropriate for the assignment at hand, or else turned in late. In any of these cases you should see me to discuss your progress.